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| For over two decades and following a century of efficient, functional and often orthogonal architecture, we are experiencing the extensive search for ever more complex building geometries and expressive architectural forms.
| Use of cold-bent and warped glass units in unitized curtain walling has been getting a state-of-the-art application for the last years.
| A Growing Market to Meet Present and Future Challenges
| The paper will provide an overview of the currently applied engineering approach in the industry for curved hot bent glass in the absence of standards and codes.
| Glass-Sandwich-Facades are not conceived with new materials but are a new and innovative combination of proven components and technology – glass, structural adhesive, sandwich panels and window systems.
| The Wilshire Grand’s Façade Design in L.A.’s Seismic Zone 4 Reality
| Glass panes adhesively-bonded to structural profiles allow for the design of stiff, robust and transparent sandwich structures.
| The refurbishment of Hall access involves the complete demolition of existing access for the construction of a new lobby with greater transparency. To get this new image, the architect choose a solution in structural glass, without other structure.
| In 2015 a pavilion mainly built of glass was finished. The building contractors themselves planned it as a transparent extension of their detached house to the garden.
| In the last decade there has been a trend in Architecture to design façades in which all structural elements are made of glass. This trend has also extended to other parts of the building such as rooflights, staircases, etc.
| 111 Main presented a unique challenge of façade design.
| This paper aims to answer a simple and elemental question: how do we qualify and quantify thermal comfort in highly glazed spaces with diverse occupants’ use and expectation?
| The Vacuum Insulated Glazing (VIG) is a unique thermally insulating window technology that can provide significant advantages over the conventional insulating units.
| The Vacuum Insulating Glazing (VIG) is a highly thermally insulating window technology that outperforms existing insulating technologies.
| The combination of the double-skin concept with unitized systems made current typologies of double glazed units possible.
| Numerous innovations have been seen in the last decades concerning new façade technologies. These were driven by new materials or new applications of known materials, such as glued-on wall structures (structural glazing) in the 60’s and 70’s.
| It is estimated that 100 million to 1 billion birds a year perish due to collisions with glass.(1-2) In North America, some communities have enacted legislation aimed at protecting birds by calling for the design and installation of birdsafe glazing.
| Façades play an important role in the control of energy flow and energy consumption in buildings as they represent the interface between the outdoor environment and the indoor occupied space.
| The aim of this paper is to show that it is possible to reduce costs while maintaining clear architectural, constructive and structural concepts.
| Structural, architectural and installation demands must all be considered in glass structures. The best solutions do not form a compromise between these demands but integrate them into one solution.
| Three-dimensional formed glass products, manufactured from flat glass, are experiencing rapidly growing demand.
| In the constant search for original designs that truly push the limits, many building projects in the Middle East have been driving global innovation in engineering and façade design.
| New technological advances in glass have taken curved glass fabrication to different levels of complexity and performance in the last few years, and design continues to drive into new frontiers.
| In the following we’ll be limiting ourselves to the production of single pieces and small jobs of identical pieces, with applications predominantly in construction (e.g. windows, curtain walls, doors, showers, mirrors, kitchen splash backs) and interior design (e.g. display cases, furniture).
| New generation thin, lightweight and damageresistant glass seems to be the optimal material for extremely deformable structural elements for façades and building skins.