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| Implementing quality controls and checkpoints during production and inspecting 100% of the tempering process, guarantees less rejections in the field converting into more profit.
| The current paper compares experimental results obtained at different scales (from TAjoints to large scale 914mm by 1524mm) with the predictions of the analytical equations and FEA.
| The use of laminated glass with PVB and ionoplast interlayers not only offers improved safety but can also be designed to help mitigate security threats ranging from basic safety to burglary and forced entry resistance and even ballistic protection.
| Digitalization of machines requires standardized language for machine communication – and OPC UA is the perfect choice.
| This study experimentally investigated the strength behavior of toughened glass with cylindrical near-edge holes via photoelasticity and destroying four-point bending test.
| Laminating glass together with a PVB or ionoplast interlayer can help mitigate security threats that range from smash and grab burglary, forced entry, ballistics, to even bomb blast.
| Glass is a brittle material. After the stress due to loading exceeds the resistance, a breakage occurs, and the glass is no longer intact.
| Spontaneous breakage of fully tempered glass in facades is under control today when the heat soak process according to EN 14179-1 (2006/2016) is rigorously carried out.
| The present article provides an explanation of the content, the technical rules and the corresponding technical background of the different parts of CEN/TS 19100.
| This paper focuses on the fire safety aspects related to the use of fire PV panels and systems in building facades.
| In the article, the focus is on an overview of several norms, standards, and research that address the issue of resilience of window systems.
| This paper reviews the high-temperature behavior of a selected range of silicones used for sealing and bonding in construction.
| In the European Union, Member States are allowed to set minimum performance requirements to construction products available on their market.
| Building code requirements for wind-borne debris protection have been in existence since the mid- 1990s, and as a result, many glazing systems have been tested and certified to these performance requirements.
| The Swiss society of engineers and architects (SIA) initiated a structural glass standard committee with the task to develop a Swiss glass design standard.
| The determination of interlayer modulus data is complex.
| Historically, monolithic tempered glass has been primarily used in North America, but with the recent changes to the International Building Code (IBC 2015), laminates with heat strengthened or tempered glass are now required.
| This paper presents an evaluation of the use of annealed laminated glass incorporating the stiffer PVB interlayers.
| This paper was first presented at GPD 2019 by Louis Moreau from AGNORA, Canada.
| In this paper, an advanced calculation method developed by Sika is presented to design SSG joints exposed to any kind of stress (tensile, shear and bending).
| This paper will present analyses of sample rectangular double glazed IGUs with symmetrical and asymmetrical heat-strengthened and tempered glass constructions for positive and negative pressure to simulate wind loads.
| This paper was first presented at GPD 2019 by Dr. W.M. Stevels from Eastman Chemical Company.
| Recently, the uniform load resistance of enamel coated glass plates has become a topic of interest with respect to proposed changes to ASTM E1300.
| As a manufacturer and supplier of monolithic, laminated and insulated glass panels, we often produce larger panels that must use heat-treated components, ionoplast interlayers and multi-layer assemblies.
| Glass balustrades are a common application of laminated glass, wherein the glass panel acts as a structural member that is required to sustain lateral design loads as stipulated by building regulations.