Excluding the net negative impact of restructuring and other special items, the loss from continuing operations was $34 million, or $0.03 per share.
The fourth quarter 2011 loss compares to income from continuing operations of $172 million, or $0.15 per share, in third quarter 2011, and income of $258 million, or $0.24 per share, reported in fourth quarter 2010.
For the full-year 2011, Alcoa reported income from continuing operations of $614 million, or $0.55 per share, more than double 2010 results. The Company ended the year in a strong cash position, with $1.9 billion cash on hand.
“Alcoa turned in solid performance in a volatile year by responding quickly to changing market conditions and relentlessly managing cash. We stayed focused on growth and took aggressive action to cut costs, improve our competitiveness, and strengthen our balance sheet,” said Alcoa Chairman and CEO Klaus Kleinfeld.
“For 2012, we expect global aluminum demand to grow 7 percent and are forecasting a global deficit in primary aluminum supply.”
Alcoa’s growth projection is ahead of the 6.5 percent rate required to meet the Company’s forecast of a doubling in global aluminum demand between 2010 and 2020. Aluminum demand grew 10 percent in 2011 on top of 13 percent growth seen in 2010.
Alcoa also projects that growing demand for aluminum, combined with market-related production cutbacks, will result in a global aluminum industry deficit of 600,000 metric tons in 2012.
Alcoa projects global growth in the aerospace (10-11 percent), automotive (3-8 percent), commercial transportation (2-5 percent), packaging (2-3 percent), and building and construction (4-5 percent) markets.
Fourth Quarter 2011
Revenue for fourth quarter 2011 was $6 billion, down 7 percent from the $6.4 billion reported in third quarter 2011, but up 6 percent over fourth quarter 2010 revenue of $5.7 billion.
Sequentially, fourth quarter revenues were lower, primarily due to continued European weakness brought on by the sovereign debt crisis and resulting global market uncertainty. Realized pricing declined for both alumina (down 9 percent) and aluminum (down 12 percent). Results were also affected by lower revenues in packaging (down 17 percent), industrial products (down 15 percent), building and construction (down 15 percent), commercial transportation (down 8 percent), and automotive (down 2 percent) compared to third quarter 2011. Aerospace revenue grew (up 5 percent) over the sequential quarter, as did revenue in the industrial gas turbine market.
Fourth quarter 2011 net loss was $191 million, or $0.18 per share, compared to income of $172 million, or $0.15 per share, in third quarter 2011 and $258 million, or $0.24 per share, in fourth quarter 2010. Adjusted EBITDA in fourth quarter 2011 was $445 million.
Included in the fourth quarter loss were $159 million of restructuring-related charges, primarily associated with the closure or curtailment of high-cost smelting production capacity, of which approximately 60 percent is non-cash. Another $26 million in charges associated with discrete income tax items and uninsured losses were offset by the positive impact of mark-to-market changes on certain energy contracts and the sale of land in Australia.
Despite deteriorating prices and market conditions in the fourth quarter, Alcoa turned in outstanding performance against the Company’s financial targets. Alcoa generated $656 million in free cash flow in the quarter, four times better than results from the sequential quarter, while cash from operations was $1.14 billion. Alcoa improved liquidity in fourth quarter 2011, with cash on hand rising 46 percent to $1.9 billion compared to third quarter 2011. The Company ended the fourth quarter with days working capital at 27, a record low and 3 days lower than 2010.
As previously announced, Alcoa plans to close or curtail 531,000 metric tons, or 12 percent, of its system smelting capacity to improve the Company’s competitive position.
Curtailments at Alcoa’s smelters in Portovesme, Italy, and La Coruña and Avilés, Spain, represent 240,000 metric tons, or 5 percent, of Alcoa’s global capacity. The previously announced closing of Alcoa’s smelter in Alcoa, Tennessee, and two lines at the Company’s Rockdale, Texas, smelter, account for another 291,000 metric tons of capacity reduction.
In addition to the closures and curtailments, Alcoa will aggressively accelerate actions to reduce the cost of raw materials used by its Primary Products business and will adjust capacity across the Company’s global refining system to reflect internal demand as well as prevailing market conditions.
For the year 2011, revenue was $25 billion, compared to $21 billion in 2010. Income from continuing operations was $614 million, or $0.55 per share, in 2011 compared with $262 million, or $0.25 per share, in 2010. In 2011, income from continuing operations includes special items resulting in a net negative impact of $198 million, or $0.17 per share, compared with special items resulting in a net negative impact of $297 million, or $0.29 per share, in 2010. Excluding the impact of special items, income from continuing operations was $812 million, or $0.72 per share, for 2011.
Full-year 2011 net income was $611 million, or $0.55 per share, compared to $254 million, or $0.24 per share, in 2010.
Alcoa turned in strong performance against all of its financial targets in 2011. Capital spending for 2011 was $1.3 billion, 86 percent of the target. For the year, Alcoa invested $249 million in the Company’s joint venture in Saudi Arabia, 62 percent of the target. The Saudi project continues on-time and on-budget, with first production in the smelter and rolling mill scheduled for 2013.
Alcoa finished 2011 with a debt-to-capital ratio of 35 percent, consistent with the targeted range of 30 to 35 percent. Debt-to-capital was negatively impacted by the annual measurement of the Company’s pension plan liability, due to a significantly lower discount rate.
Alcoa also generated $906 million in free cash flow for the year, $2.2 billion in cash from operations, and ended the year with $1.9 billion cash on hand.
After-tax operating income (ATOI) in the fourth quarter was $125 million, up 92 percent compared to $65 million in fourth quarter 2010, but a decrease of $29 million, or 19 percent, compared to third quarter 2011. Adjusted EBITDA fell $82 million to $229 million, a sequential decrease of 26 percent. Fourth quarter results were negatively impacted by lower pricing. Increased raw materials costs were offset by improved productivity, lower energy costs, and positive currency impact. The sale of land in Australia contributed $30 million to segment ATOI. Alumina production in the fourth quarter was a record 4.18 million metric tons.
ATOI in the fourth quarter was a negative $32 million, a decrease of $210 million over fourth quarter 2010 and a decrease of $142 million from third quarter 2011. Adjusted EBITDA fell $201 million to $71 million. Third-party realized metal prices decreased 12 percent sequentially on declining London Metal Exchange (LME) cash prices. Lower LME and cost increases offset positive currency impacts and productivity gains compared to third quarter 2011.
Third-party revenue in the fourth quarter was $1.7 billion, up 4 percent from the year ago quarter and down 14 percent sequentially. ATOI for the fourth quarter was $26 million, down 51 percent, or $27 million, from fourth quarter 2010 and down 57 percent, or $34 million, from third quarter 2011. Sequentially, the declining performance was driven by seasonal volume declines in North America and Russia and continued weakness in the European market. Performance was also unfavorably impacted by credit losses for several customers.
Engineered Products and Solutions
Revenue in the fourth quarter was $1.4 billion, up 12 percent over the year ago quarter and essentially flat sequentially. ATOI in the fourth quarter was $122 million, up 8 percent, or $9 million, from fourth quarter 2010 and down 12 percent, or $16 million, from third quarter 2011. Sequentially, decreased ATOI was mainly driven by cost increases and unfavorable product mix, partially offset by productivity improvements.
Alcoa will hold its quarterly conference call at 5:00 PM Eastern Time on January 9, 2012 to present the quarter and full-year results. The meeting will be webcast via alcoa.com. Call information and related details are available at www.alcoa.com under “Invest.”
Alcoa is the world’s leading producer of primary and fabricated aluminum, as well as the world’s largest miner of bauxite and refiner of alumina. In addition to inventing the modern-day aluminum industry, Alcoa innovation has been behind major milestones in the aerospace, automotive, packaging, building and construction, commercial transportation, consumer electronics, and industrial markets over the past 120 years. Among the solutions Alcoa markets are flat-rolled products, hard alloy extrusions, and forgings, as well as Alcoa® wheels, fastening systems, precision and investment castings, and building systems in addition to its expertise in other light metals such as titanium and nickel-based super alloys. Sustainability is an integral part of Alcoa’s operating practices and the product design and engineering it provides to customers. Alcoa has been a member of the Dow Jones Sustainability Index for 10 consecutive years and approximately 75 percent of all of the aluminum ever produced since 1888 is still in active use today. Alcoa employs approximately 61,000 people in 31 countries across the world. More information can be found at www.alcoa.com.