Questions about glass and its applications


Questions about glass, glazing and  applications of glass in exterior and interior.

Frameless glass balustrade on spigot. Height 1350mm


We need advice with a frameless glass balustrade we have been asked to supply and install. 

Job is in qld, Australia.  

Glass, 12mm toughened. Fix to slab with 2 x core drill stainless steel spigots. Handrail to bolt through glass and tie into walls. 


The developer and architect want the finished glass height to be 1350mm . 

The spigot supplier only has calculations to a glass height of 1200mm. 

We are in need of someone to advise or calculate if we can go to 1350mm high. 

We have test results for the spigots if thay helps. 

Aluminum Coated Glass vs Silver Coated Glass

An aluminium glass mirror is made of a float glass manufactured using vacuum coating, i.e. aluminium powder is evaporated (or "sputtered") onto the exposed surface of the glass in a vacuum chamber and then coated with two or more layers of waterproof protective paint.

Water Standards for double silver or triple silver Low -E glass

What are the standards for the water used in double silver or triple silver Low -E glass in washing machine?

What are optimum ph Level, TDS , conductivity of water used in washing machine?

How to maintain  the PH level and Tds of water?

Sputter Deposition for Glass coating

Sputter Deposition In which a glow plasma discharge, usually localized around the “target” by a magnet, bombards the material sputtering some away as a vapour for subsequent deposition.

PVD Coatings are made for a specific set of properties high wear resistance, high oxidation resistance, low friction, high hardness at high working temperature, adhesion, scratch resistance and better surface finish in precise colour.