European Type Approval for Safety Glass

Date: 5 November 2001
Source: TUV

Date: 30 October 2001

In order to market a motor vehicle in the European Union, the glass must be certified according to ECE-Regulation No. 43 and/or Council Directive 92/22/EEC.

Certification to the ECE-Regulation offers an added advantage in that it will also certify the glass in countries that are Contracting Parties of the 1958 UN-ECE Agreement (i.e., many of the former Eastern Bloc countries).

Although the two standards deal with many forms of safety glazing, this article will address only uniformly-toughened glass panes and ordinary laminated-glass windshields.

ECE/EEC Certification Testing of Safety Glazing

The ECE/EEC certification tests may be performed either at the manufacturer's TUV-approved facilities (provided they are in possession of the prescribed test equipment) or at an outside approved test facility. The glazing manufacturer also needs to provide an information folder for each glass type tested. This must include a detailed description of the glazing, in accordance with the ECE/EEC standards.

For windshields, the glazing manufacturer also needs to include pertinent vehicle-based information, such as the vehicle's manufacturer, the type of vehicle, the vehicle category, the size and shape of windshield, the installation angle, the seat-back angle and the R-point (driver's hip point) coordinates relative to the center of the upper edge of the windshield.

The technical description of the safety glazing provided in the information folders(s) will ultimately appear on the manufacturer's ECE/EEC approval certificate(s).

Upon satisfactory completion of the certification tests, a technical report (to which the manufacturer's information folder is annexed) is sent to the appropriate European governmental authorities, at which time they will issue an ECE/EEC approval to the glazing manufacturer.

Uniformly-Toughened Glass Panes

Uniformly-toughened glass panes are more commonly known as tempered glass panes. This type of safety glazing is common in the automobile industry for such applications as side windows, rear windows and sunroofs. The glass is designed to shatter into small, dull pieces upon impact.

The following inspections/tests need to be performed in accordance with the ECE/EEC standards:

Fragmentation Test

Glass panes are fragmented by means of a hammer or center punch, and the break pattern is evaluated. Of concern are large, elongated or knife-edged fragments. Also, the number of fragments in a given area is regulated to avoid very small fragments, which could penetrate the airways of occupants, and very large fragments, which could result in cuts.

Mechanical Strength Test

Test pieces are subjected to a ball drop test on the outside face of the glass pane (if applicable) at the geometric center from a height of either 2.0 m or 2.5 m, depending upon the glass thickness. The test is deemed to have given a satisfactory result if the test piece(s) does not break.

Light Transmission Test

The regular light transmittance (i.e., the percentage of light that passes through the glazing) is determined. The applications of glazing with low light transmittance (i.e., < 70%) are limited to non-critical areas from a visibility point-of-view, such as sunroofs and rear quarter windows.

Ordinary Laminated-Glass Windshields

Ordinary laminated-glass windshields are also known as laminated windscreens. This type of safety glazing is common in the automobile industry for the majority of cars and trucks, etc.

600450 European Type Approval for Safety Glass

See more news about:

Others also read

Nancy Adkins, a logistics load planner at Atofina Chemicals, will represent the Union Pacific Railroad Company in the Olympic Torch Relay.
Rohm and Haas Company said it expects to report fourth quarter operating results of $.19 to $.21 per share, in line with the current First Call consensus of $.21 per share. Chairman Raj L.
Italian glass manufacturer Venini is once again in Italian hands. The company, which was acquired by Danish giant Royal Scandinavia in 1998 from the Gardini family, has been acquired by Italian Luxury, the company set up as part of a strategic alliance between Venice-based businessmen Giancarlo Chimento and Giuliano Tabacchi.Italian Luxury was assisted in the operation by Milan-based merchant bank Mediobanca.
Dear Visitors,GlassOnWeb's News service is taking a break during the holiday season!The News service will resume January 2nd 2002.
Dr. L. Louis Hegedus, senior vice president, research and development for Atofina Chemicals, Inc., has announced that 24 researchers from the Company’s research center have been granted patents for 2000 and 2001 from the U.S.
At a ceremony in Paris, the French Minister of Environment, Yves Cochet, presented to Rohm and Haas Lauterbourg the “Entreprises & Environnement” first Prize award in the field of eco management.

Add new comment